In recent years changes in diet and lifestyle in many western societies have led to an increase in the number of people suffering from high blood pressure. So what is high blood pressure & what causes it?
High blood pressure (otherwise known as hypertension, or arterial hypertension) is a serious condition which rarely carries any symptoms. If not detected and treated, can lead to stroke, heart attack, heart failure, arterial aneurysm or renal failure. All of which are series life-threatening conditions.
So what is high blood pressure and what causes it?
The arteries of your body and constantly filled with blood which exerts a normal “background” pressure on the walls of the arteries. The pumping of the heart, transfers freshly oxygenated blood tot the body. It forces this blood into the arteries momentarily raising the pressure exerted on the walls of the arteries during each beat of the heart.
Normal levels of BP vary from individual to individual but, on average, systolic pressure should be around 120 mm Hg (millimeters of mercury measured on a manometer) and diastolic pressure should be about 80 mm Hg. This is ordinarily expressed as a BP of 120/80.
If your BP starts to rise and remains at a level above 120/80 then you are described as being “prehypertensive” and, while this is not serious in itself, it is an indication that you may be at risk of developing hypertension and the problems associated with it.
Once your BP reaches, and maintains, a level of 140/90 or above you are said to be suffering from hypertension and action needs to be taken to reduce your BP.
130 Is Too High For BP.
But what causes your blood pressure to rise and remain elevated?
Well, there are several factors at play here and the first is a group over which you have little, if any, control.
This group includes a low birth weight, a variety of genetic factors, certain forms of diabetes (in particular type 2 diabetes) and your age (as we grow older our arteries tend to become fibrous and lose their elasticity, resulting in a smaller cross-sectional area through which the blood can flow).
The second group of factors is much more within your control and includes leading a sedentary lifestyle, high levels of salt and/or saturated fats in the diet, being overweight, smoking, alcohol abuse, stress and working in certain occupations such as flying or motorway maintenance, which involves exposure to long periods of high level roadway noise.
The vast majority of these factors are of course treatable and, in many cases, a simple adjustment to your diet and the addition of some form of exercise into your daily routine is all that is needed to solve the problem. The difficulty however is that, without any real symptoms, most people simply don’t know that they are suffering from HBP in the first place.
What Is high blood pressure: Symptoms
Hypertension typically has no symptoms at all, that is why we can call it as Silent killer.
Briefly Hypertension has following 10 common symptoms.
- Nosebleed (Epistaxis)
- Tinnitus (Ringing in Ears)
- Sleepiness, Insomnia
- Profuse Sweating
- Low libido or lack of sexual desire
- Blurred vision
If you have not above symptoms, it does not mean that you have no Hypertension.
Remember most common symptom of Hypertension is that ” It Has No Symptom”.
Best way to keep you healthy is to have your BP checked at regular intervals.
What Is High Blood Pressure: Symptoms Continued.
Although there are many coincidental symptoms that are widely believed to be associated with high blood pressure.
These include headaches, nosebleeds, dizziness, a flushed face and fatigue.
Although people with high blood pressure may have many of these symptoms, they occur just as frequently in those with normal blood pressure.
Why these symptoms occur?
If a person has high blood pressure that is severe or longstanding and left untreated, symptoms such as headache, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath, restlessness, and blurred vision can occur as a result of damage to the brain, eyes, heart and kidneys.
In rare cases, high blood pressure may cause brain swelling, which can lead to drowsiness and coma.
So how do you solve the problem?
Fortunately the answer to this question is very simple.
All you need to do is to pop into your doctor’s office on a regular basis (for most of us a couple of times a year will do the trick). Ask the doctor, or practice nurse, to check your blood pressure.
The whole process is painless, simple and fast. It will give you peace of mind and possibly save your doctor a lot of time, work and expense later on when you are forced to present yourself at his office once hypertension has set in.
If, like most people, you are not so keen on visiting your doctor then an excellent alternative today is to simply monitor your own blood pressure at home. A wide range of easy to operate and relatively inexpensive monitors are available today.
They allow you to keep an eye on your family’s health, in the comfort and privacy of your own home.
Home based cure for hypertension
You can also follow the following home remedies to treat your blood pressure problems:
• Eat celery:
Since centuries, people have used celery and its oil to cure blood pressure. It contains a compound which lowers blood pressure by relaxing the muscles lining the arteries. This allows the muscles that regulate the blood pressure to dilate. Just by eating 4 celery stalks a day, you can enjoy the potent benefits of this vegetable.
• Consume garlic:
You can easily lower blood pressure by eating just one clove of garlic a day. You can eat the clove either raw or in capsule form. Besides it also helps to lower cholesterol and triglycerides.
• Talk softly:
Talking loudly and rapidly, increases your blood pressure during a normal conversation. If you do this during angry conversations, when you are at your emotional best, the pressure can shoot up higher. This spikes the blood pressure and if chronic, puts you at the risk of coronary heart disease. However, speaking softly and slowly even when you are angry will eliminate the stress on your cardiovascular system.
• Speak the truth:
Always speak the truth. Lying has been shown to spike blood pressure since it takes a lot of brain-effort to lie. The more you lie, the more you are stressed & the higher your blood pressure shoots.
• Go for aerobic not isometric exercise:
Though exercise has been shown to lower the blood pressure, it is important for you to choose the right one. In isometric exercises, where you clench and hold like weight training, should be avoided. This is because holding your breath while lifting causes your blood pressure to go up temporarily. Choose aerobic exercises in place of isometric exercises.
• Laughter is the best medicine:
To relax yourself completely, choose laughter. When you laugh, your adrenaline and cortisone levels go down, since these are the main compounds which have an adverse reaction on the blood pressure. It is the cheapest therapy. The angry, frustrated or unhappy ones benefit the most from this exercise.
Wish you all the good health.
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